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The historical city of Siracusa played a key role in ancient times and was defined by the Roman philosopher Cicero as ''the greatest Greek city and the most beautiful of them all''. This has left a great cultural legacy and a province rich in Greek and Roman architecture and monuments such as the Greek theatre and the Tomb of Archimedes, the great mathematician and astronomer who was born in Siracusa. The historical area of the city is actually located on the island of Ortigia, joined to the mainland by the 'Ponte Nuovo'.

Siracusa is a UNESCO world heritage site together with the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica which contains over 5000 tombs dating back to the 13th centuries BC. The resorts along the coast of Siracusa, such as Fontane Bianche, are popular with holidaying Sicilians for their crystal-clear waters and golden beaches.